BENZOIC ACID

BENZENECARBOXYLIC ACID; BENZENEFORMIC ACID; BENZENEMETHANOIC ACID; BENZOIC ACID,; CARBOXYBENZENE; DRACYCLIC ACID; PHENYLCARBOXYLIC ACID; PHENYLFORMIC ACID; ACIDE BENZOIQUE (FRENCH) ; ACIDO BENZOICO (ITALIAN) ; BENZENECARBOXYLIC ACID

Descrizione

L'acido benzoico è una sostanza prodotta naturalmente e sinteticamente; Viene utilizzato come conservante in alimenti e cosmetici.

Utilizzo

Ingrediente di fragranza; Regolatore pH; conservante; bulking; mascheratura

Effetti indesiderati

nel caso di pelli sensibili può causare irritazione. acido benzoico consentito per l'uso in prodotti cosmetici in quantità limitata. la concentrazione massima dell'acido benzoico del tasso cosmetico finito di prodotti risciacquati con l'eccezione della preparazione della cavità orale: 2,5% (calcolato come acido puro, acido benzoico, nel caso del sale sodico dell'acido benzoico).

Fonti

AOEC (Association of Occupational and Environmental Clinics). 2009. AEOC exposures codes and asthmagen designation.

CIR (Cosmetic Ingredient Review). 2006. CIR Compendium, containing abstracts, discussions, and conclusions of CIR cosmetic ingredient safety assessments. Washington DC.

EC (Environment Canada). 2008. Domestic Substances List Categorization. Canadian Environmental Protection Act (CEPA) Environmental Registry.

EPA (U.S. Environmental Protection Agency). 2006. EPA Water Disinfection By-Products with Carcinogenicity Estimates. Last updated: 10 April 2006.

EPA (U.S. Environmental Protection Agency). 2008. Integrated Risk Information System (IRIS). Evidence for human carcinogenicity based on 1986-2005 guidelines.

European Commission. 2013. Cosing, the European Commission database with information on cosmetic substances and ingredients. Accessed on March 1, 2013 at .
http://ec.europa.eu/consumers/cosmetics/cosing/

FDA (U.S. Food and Drug Administration) 2006. Food Additive Status List. Downloaded from , Oct 16, 2006.
http://www.cfsan.fda.gov/%7Edms/opa-appa.html

FDA (U.S. Food and Drug Administration). 2008. EAFUS [Everything Added to Food]: A Food Additive Database. FDA Office of Food Safety and Applied Nutrition.

Harvell, J, Bason M, Maibach H. 1994. Contact Urticaria and its Mechanisms. Food Chemistry and Toxicology 32(2): 103-112. (Table 2: Substances identified as capable of causing contact urticaria)., National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health

IFRA (International Fragrance Assocication). 2010. IFRA Fragrance Ingredient List based on 2008 Use Survey. Accessed online 01/04/2010:
http://www.ifraorg.org/Home/News/Latest-News/page.aspx/66?xf_itemId=43&xf_selectionDatapartId=25

Japan Ministry of Health, Labour and Welfare. 2006. Standards for Cosmetics. Evaluation and Licensing Division. Pharmaceutical and Food Safety Bureau.

NLM (National Library of Medicine). 2012. PubMed online scientific bibliography data. .
http://www.pubmed.gov

"OPINION ON Benzoic Acid and Sodium Benzoate", SCIENTIFIC COMMITTEE ON CONSUMER PRODUCTS, Adopted by the SCCP during the 4th plenary of 21 June 2005
https://ec.europa.eu/health/ph_risk/committees/04_sccp/docs/sccp_o_015.pdf