LIMONENE

1-METHYL-4- (1-METHYLETHENYL) CYCLOHEXENE; 1-METHYL-4-ISOPROPENPYLCYCLOHEXENE; D,L-LIMONENE (ISOMER UNSPECIFIED) ; DIPENTENE; DL-LIMONENE; DL-LIMONENE (RACEMIC) ; LIMONENE ESSENTIAL OIL; (+) -4-ISOPROPENYL-1-METHYLCYCLOHEXENE; (+) -R-LIMONENE; (-) -LIMONENE; (S) -LIMONENE

Descrizione

Limonene è un aroma e un solvente presente in natura nella buccia degli agrumi. Durante la conservazione, l'esposizione alla luce solare e all'aria, il limonene si degrada, ossidandosi nei vari prodotti, causando irritazioni cutanee, respiratorie e allergiche.

Utilizzo

fragranza.

Effetti indesiderati

secondo le ultime ricerche di reazioni allergiche pura limonene sono trascurabili, ma è piuttosto instabile e sensibilizzare fortemente i suoi prodotti di ossidazione - operare podrażnieniowo soprattutto intorno agli occhi. pertanto, spesso non soddisfano questo ingrediente in prodotti per la cura della pelle degli occhi. il funzionamento di un forte irritante e allergenica quasi puro come è limonene (concentrazione circa. 96%) è stata applicata direttamente sulla pelle. in cosmetica, ma non v'è così alta concentrazione della sostanza (max 2%). l'uso di cosmetici con limonene, anche in persone con la carnagione molto sensibile, dà i risultati individuali.

Fonti

AOEC (Association of Occupational and Environmental Clinics). 2009. AEOC exposures codes and asthmagen designation.

CPS&Q (Consumer Products Safety & Quality) formely known as ECB (European Chemicals Bureau). 2008. Classification and Labelling: Chemicals: Annex VI of Directive 67/548/EEC through the 31st ATP.

EC (Environment Canada). 2008. Domestic Substances List Categorization. Canadian Environmental Protection Act (CEPA) Environmental Registry.

European Commission. 2013. Cosing, the European Commission database with information on cosmetic substances and ingredients. Accessed on March 1, 2013 at .
http://ec.europa.eu/consumers/cosmetics/cosing/

FDA (U.S. Food and Drug Administration). 2008. EAFUS [Everything Added to Food]: A Food Additive Database. FDA Office of Food Safety and Applied Nutrition.

IARC (International Agency for Research on Cancer). 2008. Overall Evaluations of Carcinogenicity to Humans, as evaluated in IARC Monographs Volumes 1-99 (a total of 935 agents, mixtures and exposures).

IFRA (International Fragrance Association). 2006. Codes and Standards.

IFRA (International Fragrance Assocication). 2010. IFRA Fragrance Ingredient List based on 2008 Use Survey. Accessed online 01/04/2010:
http://www.ifraorg.org/Home/News/Latest-News/page.aspx/66?xf_itemId=43&xf_selectionDatapartId=25

Kodama R, Okubo A,Araki E,Noda K,Ide H, Ikeda T. Studies on d-limonene as a gallstone solubilizer. (VII). Effects on development of mouse fetuses and offsprings 1977; Oyo Yakuri. 13(6): 863-873.

NLM (National Library of Medicine). 2006. HazMap — Occupational Exposure to Hazardous Agents.

NLM (National Library of Medicine). 2012. PubMed online scientific bibliography data. .
http://www.pubmed.gov

SCCPNFP (Scientific Committee On Cosmetic Products And Non-Food Products). 1999. Opinion Concerning Fragrance Allergy In Consumers. . SCCNFP/0017/98 Final, December 1999; and SCCPNFP (Scientific Committee On Cosmetic Products And Non-Food Products). 2000. An Initial List Of Perfumery Materials Which Must Not Form Part Of Fragrances Compounds Used In Cosmetic Products. SCCNFP/0320/00, final May 2000.